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A first American edition of this work on Arctic exploration. With a folding map frontispiece. Sir John Ross was a british naval officer and Arctic explorer. A very scarce first edition of this nineteenth-century French work on travelling the world by ship. First Edition. In French. Featuring an illustrated frontispiece and titlepage.

An early edition of this travel work on Paris by Frances Trollope. Published the same year as the first edition, this Paris imprint is by A and W Galignani. William Beattie's account of his travels through Switzerland, beautifully illustrated by his friend William Henry Bartlett.

(1800-1913) The Navy in the Northern War – New Zealand 1845-46

This book has beautiful illustrations of the landscapes of Switzerland A fascinating nineteenth century travelogue of Switzerland by the renowned American writer James Fenimore Cooper; complete in two volumes here in the original cloth. Whilst primarily remembered The third edition of this popular travel guide by Scottish naturalist and ornithologist, William MacGillivray. Humboldt was a Prussian polymath, naturalist and explorer. Humboldt travelled A scarce work on European scenery. Illustrated, with a frontispiece and six plates. Undated, dated using Copac. This work reflects on many scenes of Europe such as Mantua, A scarce first English edition of this work on Arctic exploration.

Collated: Complete with folding map of Greenland. With 16 pages of publisher's advertisements to the rear. A detailed account of the expedition of Wilhelm August Graah, An interesting work of travel writing from the nineteenth century in which the author William Beattie discusses the county of Switzerland.

A scarce and desirable work of travel writing by William A first edition copy of William Beattie's account of his travels in the land of the Waldenses, in a signed Davidson binding. The Waldenses, or Waldensians are a Christian ascetic movement reputedly Both volumes of this fascinating travel work. With a folding map to volume I and one vignette to each volume. Volume 1 is the fifth edition whereas volume II is a first edition.

John L Stephens was an American The second edition of this scarce travel work by Scottish peer Lord Alexander Lindsay. With an errata inserted to the end of each volume. Hardbound volume in original brown cloth covered boards. Daniel Wheeler - was a Quaker and a missionary. Wheeler went to St Petersburg as agricultural adviser to tsar Alexander I and helped with the draining of marshes; A very scarce first edition of this work by Marguerite Gardiner.

Very collectible early female travelogue. In two volumesRather hard to find, Italy is easier but still difficult. Marguerite Gardiner, Countess of Blessington was an Irish A scarce volume on Historical and Romantic Legends of France. Two volumes bound as one. Inglis, nicely bound in a diced calf binding. All of these works besides 'Tales of Ardennes' are undated with no publisher A French translation A first edition of Robert Moffat's popular account of his work as a missionary in Africa from the mid-nineteenth century.

In a full calf binding, with the fold-out map and colour frontis present. With a fold-out map of Africa. A scarce and important early travel work on New Zealand. With five illustrations.


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Written by the esteemed German physician, geologist and naturalist, Johann Ernst Dieffenbach. A well preserved, third edition copy of this work by George Borrow. A fascinating work on the royal progress in Scotland. Loosely inserted are three beautiful plates, two hand coloured. The plates are from drawings by D Complete in one volume. This scarce work is bound in the publisher's original cloth binding with blindstamp detailing Being volume I of II only.

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Illustrated, with a frontispiece and a further seventeen plates total This is a scarce copy of this first English edition of this American exploration work. Considered to be the best edition of this work first published in smaller format in Volume I of II. An important early account of the Oregon The first edition of Francis Chenevix Trench's account of his travels in France and Spain, illustrated throughout. The diaries The first edition of Thomas Talfourd's work discussing his experiences whilst travelling in Europe, complete in two volumes. An interesting A superior and uncommon first edition copy of Richard Ford's monumental travel guide to Spain; commonly cited as one of masterpieces of travel literature, whose publication was a defining moment in the genre.

An uncommon work of local history by Joshua Coffin, the noted antiquarian and abolitionist. An interesting work of local interest by Joshua Coffin, documenting his home town of A delightful and important nineteenth century work on African travel, in a pocket-sized format. A scarce and unusual imprint, with little record of this edition's existence.

This copy's pagination The second edition of this popular work of Eastern travel. Originally published anonymously, this edition does not name Kinglake as author. Although, subsequent editions attribute authorship to him. Stated to the title page as the second An illustrated collection of short stories about Paris, written by a variety of prominent authors, in the original French.

This work The first edition of this profusely illustrated work on the Rhine, written by the journalist Frederick Knight Hunt. This work is an interesting and thorough The first edition of these works. Two volumes bound Two volumes of this scarce nineteenth century work regarding the manners and custom of Egypt, taken from the diaries of the great Orientalist and lexicographer, Edward William Lane. Lane took Volume II of this work of travel writing by Mrs.

Romer in which she discusses a religious pilgrimage through Africa. Volume II only. Lacking volume I. Illustrated with 1 colour Frances Trollope, the mother of Anthony Trollope. Frances Milton Trollope - was an English novelist and writer A scarce collection of stories of life around the world. Illustrated with many vignettes, and two hand-coloured maps of the world to the front. Samuel Griswold Goodrich A nicely bound copy of the travel writer George Borrow's work on the Romani people in Spain. The first volume of Captain James Ross' account of his expedition to the Antarctic, illustrated throughout with plates and folding maps.

Incomplete, being volume one of two only. Profusely illustrated, and signed by Allen. The first English edition of this travelogue by famous fairytale compiler, Hans Christian Andersen. Complete, with half-titles. Translated from the original Danish with the 'author's sanction' A handsome Victorian pocket edition detailing a fascinating voyage across the world.

An illustrated work following a biblical journey through Israel and Egypt, written and illustrated by William Henry Bartlett. The fifth edition of this work. This work is the account of the The first edition of this comprehensive and uncommon travelogue on Fanny Parke's twenty-three years spent in India at the start of the nineteenth century. Scarce in the original cloth. With folding map of the Cape, frontispiece and one other plate, as well as numerous vignette illustrations collated complete.

With chapters Written during the author's trip to North America in , the book features him acting as a critical observer of North A memoir of foreign politics by Henry Richard Lord Holland. Folding facsimile letter to the Appendix regarding letter referred to on pages and Foreign Reminiscences is known An entertaining and lavishly illustrated French travel narrative. Third Edition.

Travel in zigzag: or, a boarding trips on holiday in the Swiss townships and the Italian side of the Alps. With an additional illustrated title and Signed, 'With the publisher's comps. Bookplate of Bernard Warrington to front pastedown. Complete in two volumes The fifth and illustrated edition of Humphry Davy's reflections on travel, written during the last few years of his life. An uncommon work of travel writing by the novelist and travel writer Alexander Dumas.

Largely considered to be a novelist, Alexander Dumas is also recognised as a noteworthy travel writer A history of Hadrian's Wall, and its place in British history. Illustrated with sixty-five plates collated, missing one , and numerous folding plates. A collection of three works bound as a handy travel companion. The titles found in this volume differ in subject, one is a travel writing, another a biography and the third a lecture.

The first work is Samuel Laing's Journey of a Residence Very rare and even harder to findcomplete as here. Collated: Complete. A two volume set of Francis Bond Head's notes on his time staying in Paris, during which he desired to experience Paris as a true Parisian, rather than a tourist. Although primarily known for his fairy tales, the Danish author Hans Christian Andersen was a renowned writer A very scarce souvenir from nineteenth century France, with sixteen lithographs. Undated, dated using Worldcat. This scarce volume was designed a souvenir The work was explicitly intended as a concise and accurate handbook for travellers.

It begins with a 'Historical Sketch', which charts the city's past Edited by Thomas Chandler Haliburton. In three The extremely scarce first edition of these travel diaries by Thomas Campbell, documenting his trip to England. Not seen at auction since Thomas Campbell A travelogue of a journey undertaken to Germany.

This is an extremely scarce and interesting work. There are no copies on Copac or Worldcat. Author of this work is unknown. The work describes a trip undertaken by a group of people from An attractive copy of this fascinating work by the noted illustrator and cartoonist of the Victorian period, Richard Doyle.

An account of Messrs Brown, Jones and Robinson's travels through A beautifully illustrated travelogue of John Aiton's visits to several holy locations. With plates from drawings by Turner, Roberts, Harding and more. The third edition of this work. In a half A profusely illustrated handbook to Switzerland, the Alps of Savoy, and Piedmont, illustrated with folding maps and plates. This handbook is an interesting travel guide, an interesting look The second edition of this illustrated work on the roads of Spain by George John Cayley. The second edition of this work. A fascinating work looking at the experiences of the author travelling The thirteenth edition of this travel work by Eliot Warburton.

With an illustrated frontispiece and a further fourteen illustrations comprising of a plate and vignettes. Eliot Warburton was an Irish traveller and novelist. The Crescent A scarce collection of letters on the Scandinavian countries. A first edition of one of the most famous exploration books in history, by the medical missionary and explorer, David Livingstone. The first edition of this comprehensive travel work regarding the Sinai desert. Disputed [ edit ] Democracy is the road to socialism. Attributed to Marx in recent years, including in Communism by Tom Lansford, p.

Misattributed [ edit ] The oppressed are allowed once every few years to decide which particular representatives of the oppressing class shall represent and repress them in parliament. The rich will do anything for the poor but get off their backs. Art is always and everywhere the secret confession, and at the same time the immortal movement of its time. Owners of capital will stimulate working class to buy more and more of expensive goods, houses and technology, pushing them to take more and more expensive credits, until their debt becomes unbearable.

The unpaid debt will lead to bankruptcy of banks which will have to be nationalized and State will have to take the road which will eventually lead to communism. Said to be a quote from Das Kapital in an anonymous email, this attribution has been debunked at Snopes. Often attributed to Lenin or Stalin , less often to Marx. According to the book, "They Never Said It", p. Experts on the Soviet Union reject the rope quote as spurious. Some of Clemson's suggestions and advice to Belgian government officials played an essential role in.

Glemson believed that his foremost achievements were the establishment of direct cotton trade out of Southern American ports feeding the textile mills of Belgium, and his advocacy of increased American use of Antwerp and the Belgian railroad into Germany x. Clemson became recognized as the creator of a unique sort of project — the transmission of information and ideas that were not purely diplomatic. He ventured far beyond the normal limits of mid-century diplomats.

Even after his departure from Brussels at the end of , Clemson stayed on in Europe for two years to continue these non-governmental pursuits 2. Upon his return to America, he represented several Belgian economic interests until the sixties. Economic and political conditions were in the process of vast transformation in Europe. Although Clemson had myopia when it came to the nature and meaning of broad political occurrences, he nevertheless did comprehend the trends toward economic change.

For Clemson, this meant a corresponding alteration in the functions, habits and attitudes that foreign service men had to take place too. In the Belgian-American instance, big power politics were largely excluded from consideration because of Belgian's neutrality status and America's political non-involvement policy. The concentration could be on economic development and material prosperity.

In order to work toward that goal, the diplomat like Clemson had disadvantages and merits within the American diplomatic structure. The monopoly of power was in the hands of one man, the major diplomat accredited to a foreign power. This meant that if he saw his nation's interest should be interpreted in a broader sense, he could work to that end.

Yet the new jobs as Clemson saw them were enormous, and the number of personnel in legations remained fixed. Experts in. For men like Clem- son, it was imperative to furnish more exacting data and analyses ; the questions being considered were of a highly technical nature. The routine, day by day life of the diplomat, with these new and more complex fields of interest, demanded not only more competent men, but a substantial revision of the qualities that Washington believed formed a good diplomat.

Diplomacy, it appeared, could no longer be the simple courteous acting in the salons or the gentlemanly entrechats in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs office. One can draw certain tentative conclusions from this examination. The role of diplomacy was a changing one, which in the mid-nineteenth century at least, was very dependent on the type of individual who served his country abroad. It needs to restated that, in the diplomacy of the Americans in Brussels as elsewhere , the agents were usually cultured men, but none of them trained for their experiences on foreign soil.

Except for Glemson, they tended to accept and not question the static and rigid formulations originating in the days of George Washington.


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The Belgian-American friendship very often had to face and somehow survive menacing circumstances. Conflict was more than not the result of imprudent decisions, prematurely and unknowlingly made by non-specialists. Usually the inhabitant of the American legation reacted to stress and strain in diplomatic relations with Belgium by adopting a more flexible, tolerant and accommodative stance.

The crux of the matter appears to have been the character of the agent on the scene and his perception of his role in an alien environment. Adaptability was not an outstanding characteristic of the American diplomats. One might in fact hypothesize that in. The types of representatives were varied, but ordinarily they reflected little independence of judgment. Their intuition was generally good, yet they seldom took advantage of being free from all but the most general of orders from Washington.

In the absence of instantaneous communications with America, the agents abroad were forced to improvise, most of them creating a day-to-day patchwork of relatively worthless expedient decisions. There was one other alternative, — a form of near total withdrawal, inactivity and non participation. The Americans never completely praticed this latter method, but at times it bordered dangerously on a full repudiation of any diplomatic responsibility.

To succeed, the Americans were almost forced to seek the assistance of other diplomats in Brussels. The Americans sometimes demonstrated a repugnance toward their supposed colleagues. Diplomats like Maxcy and Clemson could more easily take on large, general goals for their mission and then search for reasonable alternative ways to fulfill those aims. The facility with which Hilliard reacted to any shift of the wind currents from Washington was highly exaggerated. Grasping the initiative, expecting and waiting through the inevitable delays, practising the art of patience and tolerance — all these notion were part of the personal traits or characteristics which did not appear in the instructions or the general manual for diplomats.

These Americans did not usually try to use European quarrels to their own advantage. A definite policy emerged during these years in which the United States presented itself as a valuable economic friend and associate of Belgium. As small states and neutral nations. In the early decades of that century, the United States had a distorted idea of the duties, rights and limitations of neutral powers. For the young European state, further exposure to and closer ties with the vigorous nation outside the Great Powers system could have provided an outlet from the extremes of influence of her continental neighbours 1.

Here again the American policy was based on a negative reaction to the European political and diplomatic culture. Above any merits of American diplomacy in this epoch, one must detect some forbidding weaknesses.

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Brussels was a post which many men saw as only a conveyance for their own political desires in America, and as a consequence, most of them tried to please their superiors by rendering reports which Washington wanted to read. Rather than transmit valuable information even if not asked to do so , they composed belles lettres, quasi-historical disquisitions or anecdotal essays to please their home office. From the beginning, the relationship was essentially economic, but until Glemson, the Americans rarely coordinated the economic and political factors of diplomacy.

These men in general were either distracted by peripheral aspects of problems or extra-curricular activities, or they repudiated any involved relationship with other diplomats or foreigners which they believed might threaten them or their nation.

With the notable exception of Clemson again and perhaps Maxcy at times, these diplomats had narrowly circumscribed beliefs as to what they were to do or that which they could do. Timidity was very directly related to the wish to make a good impression at home. A strange dichotomy existed in all these men. Desirous of showing Washington their respective capabilities, and at the same time forced to confront alone many extraordinary situations, they usually re-.

Professional advancement or an admirable record abroad, to most of them, was the result of extreme prudence, almost a magnified caution. This fear of entanglement caused a near total blindness in the Americans, for they were unable to conceive any possibilities inherent in those years in Belgium for a non European power like the United States. This is not suggest that the Americans should have been adventurers or gamblers, for that constitutes the other extreme. The charge of the United States usually reflected a point of view essentially American while in Europe.

With the possible exception of Clemson, they shared an unfathomable mistrust of the Old World. Disengagement from all but the absolutely necessary work was a rule of thumb, because to these agents, the past history of American foreign relations taught several lessons. Since its birth as a nation, the theory and practice of American policy centered on a sense of detachment.

Reinforcing this cultural Zeitgeist of these Americans toward duty and contact abroad were their own personal biases. The two, that is the official policy, and the individual inclinations, complemented each other. An overview of these two decades of American relations illustrates a culturally conditioned mentality in the diplomats.

The flowering of a cultural nationalism had a profound influence on these men. The source of the problem was the fact that they were Americans, faithful to their past history and development, and closely following the unique ideas of their isolated society. They rejected therefore the fruitful method of collaboration, for it smacked of political intimacy which had proven itself a great risk in the previous years. These men were not revolutionary in their outlook ; they in fact represented a steady, conservative, unbending point of view about other cultures that the inexperienced American nation had developed in its early years.

The Americans studied here were thrown into complex and strange environments for which they basically had no cultural empathy. In spite of all the individual differences and the diversity of personalities, all the agents had a unity in that they were creatures of the unusual American past with its cultural perspectives of scorn for things European. Alexis de Tocqueville noticed this peculiarity in the American breed and his cogent observations become a fitting summary. Tulane University. Craig and F. Gilbert, The Diplomats Princeton, , and the essay of F.

Bullen edit. Jameson edit , Correspondence of John C.