USA to the hub, which is equipped with a Thus, if the need arises to mi- communication networks that collect data for local and remote storage. Sensors and interconnections process through PE. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 92— Fig. Distributed wine monitoring system general overview. Winery 1 on the left has eight wood barrels 1— 8 while the temperature controlled Winery 2 on the right has eight more 9— Moreover, environmental data from both wineries is transmitted over a RS cable blue line to the hub.
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They are fastened to a mast inside each winery, which is stra- than the sensor cables — as illustrated in Fig. Table 1 provides a summary of the sensors in use for the monitoring With respect to the environmental monitoring of both wineries, the of both the wine and the environmental parameters regarded as Fig. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 92— Table 1 Sensors used in the monitoring of the Tawny Port wine aging process. Sensor reference Manufac. Parameter s Interconn. Moreover, it ensures pouring may occur, namely in reassembly operations. Moreover, the RS bus is connected to the hub through service to relay data remotely.
The Raspbian operating system — a Linux Debian sensors but also the interconnections between all elements which based OS, optimized for Raspberry PI — and the software packages comprise it. Functional architecture of the Tawny Port wine aging process monitoring system. Lastly, a type of diagram. Acquired data — the three years, rapid variations in the monitored parameters are not ex- sample value SampleValue , date and time SampleTime — is stored pected to occur. So, each complete wireless to which the object belongs ObjectNetworkAddress , the data acquisition cycle, whose associated timings are illustrated in Fig.
In a near future, it will also handle data from unmanned ground Although temporarily available in the hub, data is continuously vehicles. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 92— Listing 1. It is possible to approximately constant in the beginning of the wine aging process. Subsequently, the measured redox lute temperature, K is expressed by the Arrhenius equation Eq. This was constants at two or more temperatures against the reciprocal of the validated twice — in a distributed way in time — by comparing the ac- absolute temperature.
Therefore, sensors did not required any 2. Cumulative wine exposure to temperature and oxygen and to the daily maintenance operations. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 92— Table 2 stored in the controlled temperature winery. Rate constants ob- Aver. Moreover, when compared 13 8. The obtained value was of Tref ,O2,ref ,pHref and Eh,ref were set to zero.
Besides dissolved oxygen content in wine, redox potential was also measured using a platinum electrode.
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Either validity as utility of using 3. Results and discussion redox potential measurements in wine has been questioned Danilewicz, Kilmartin, ; Kilmartin and Zou, Next, temperature was raised in the rected to a constant pH value of 3. Results 34, min an additional 24 days for the barrels stored at a controlled obtained from simultaneous monitoring redox potential and dissolved temperature. Temperature increase from Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 92— value of As expected, Figs.
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Regarding the barrels stored in the temperature controlled winery, although having a maximum of 1. Redox potential variation in wood barrels stored at a room temperature and b tively. Indeed, an exponential positive stability Kilmartin and Zou, Never- Fig. For low dissolved oxygen content 4. Final remarks levels, other redox pairs were also probably involved in the measured redox potential. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 92— Table 3 by red wines.
Spectral evaluation of young red wines: anthocyanin controlled temperature. Food Agric. Danilewicz, J. Keshavan , M. Stone , Ph. McCarley , M. Shenton , Ph. Seidman , Ph. Nunes , M. Hart , Ph. Foltin , Ph. Mathew , M. Carpenter , Ph. Basaraba , M. Levin , M. Philip , M. Jones , Sc. Tracie Shea , Ph.
Greenberg , M. Green , Ph. Lawrence , B.
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Bookheimer , Ph. Wannan , B. Hons , Vanessa L. Cropley , Ph. Mallar Chakravarty , Ph.
Ganella , Ph. Bruggemann , Ph. Weickert , M. Wood , Ph. Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography showed the absence or reduction of pulmonary vascularization secondary to twisting of the lung lobe around its bronchovascular pedicle in all three dogs. Moreover, contrast-enhanced ultrasonography distinguished partial pulmonary atelectasis from a lung lobe torsion. These preliminary results suggest that contrast-enhanced ultrasonography can improve the accuracy of conventional ultrasonography for detection of pulmonary blood flow compromise in dogs with lung lobe torsion.
Serological survey of Borrelia infection of dogs in Sapporo, Japan, where Borrelia garinii infection was previously detected. A serological survey of Borrelia infection of dogs was performed in Sapporo, Japan, where Borrelia garinii infection in dogs was detected in A total of serum samples were collected from dogs that visited three animal hospitals in Sapporo from to The two-step evaluation method, involving screening ELISA followed by Western blot analysis, was used to detect antibodies against Borrelia species.
Among those 34 samples, 32 were positive for Borrelia spp. These findings suggest that the 32 dogs Antibody positivity was 7. Dogs with a history of tick infestation showed a positive rate of Canine progressive rod-cone degeneration PRCD is a middle- to late-onset, autosomal recessive, inherited retinal disorder caused by a substitution c. In the present study, a TaqMan probe-based real-time PCR assay was developed and evaluated for rapid genotyping and large-scale screening of the mutation.
Furthermore, a genotyping survey was carried out in a population of the three most popular breeds in Japan Toy Poodles, Chihuahuas and Miniature Dachshunds to determine the current mutant allele frequency. The assay separated all the genotypes of canine PRCD rapidly, indicating its suitability for large-scale surveys. The results of the survey showed that the mutant allele frequency in Toy Poodles was high enough approximately 0. The mutant allele was detected in Chihuahuas for the first time, but the frequency was lower approximately 0.
The mutant allele was not detected in Miniature Dachshunds. This assay will allow the selective breeding of dogs from the two most popular breeds Toy Poodle and Chihuahua in Japan and effective prevention or control of the disorder. The epidemiological survey for atovaquone resistant related gene of Babesia gibsoni in Japan. Although the mechanism of atovaquone against B. Although the MI variant population is a low percentage, it runs the risk of spreading drug-resistant parasites.
It is important to prevent the spread of drug-resistance, so we need to gather information about this at regular intervals. Effect of refractive error on visual evoked potentials with pattern stimulation in dogs. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of refractive error on canine visual evoked potentials with pattern stimulation P-VEP.
Six normal beagle dogs were used. The refractive power of the recorded eyes was measured by skiascopy. P-VEP was recorded at each refractive power. The stimulus pattern size and distance were We concluded that the refractive power of the eye affected the P implicit time in canine P-VEP recording. Canine IgA nephropathy: a case report.
Immunoglobulin Ig A nephropathy is a rare form of canine glomerular disease. This report describes a case of canine IgA nephropathy showing characteristics typical of human IgA nephropathy. An 8-year-old, spayed female Miniature Dachshund showed persistent severe proteinuria without azotemia. She was receiving long-term glucocorticoid therapy due to chronic gastritis and an intra-abdominal suture granuloma. A renal biopsy demonstrated mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis with predominantly mesangial IgA deposition and electron-dense deposits in the paramesangium.
Interview: Managing Oxygen in Red Wine Making
These findings closely resembled those of human IgA nephropathy. Glucocorticoid treatment was discontinued, and the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor enalapril was administrated as an antiproteinuric agent. The proteinuria subsequently went into remission, and the patient has maintained good condition without recurrence. Results of ultrasonographic and histopathologic examinations were compared. In addition, irregular margin, polymorphous shape and heterogeneous internal echographic characteristics were correlated with malignancy. Developmental morphology of Knemidokoptes pilae on an infested red-crowned parakeet Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae.
A captive 4-year-old female red-crowned parakeet Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae presented with anorexia, diminished activity and thick, beige, crusted lesions over the cere, legs, wings and cloaca. Deep skin scrapings from various lesions identified Knemidokoptes pilae as the causative agent.
For treatment, the crusts were debrided, and the lesions were topically treated with ivermectin, chlorhexidine and silver sulfadiazine. The parakeet died the day after treatment. Previous studies examining K. This study presents a more comprehensive morphologic analysis, with examination of K.
The co-existence of a myxoid liposarcoma and leiomyoma in the same ovarian mass of a dog. A year-old, female mixed-breed dog presented with abdominal distention. Histopathological examination of the mass revealed a mixed myxoid liposarcoma and a well-differentiated leiomyoma. Four months after surgical removal of the mass, the dog died due to multiorgan metastasis. The metastasis was composed solely of the liposarcoma component. The liposarcoma component was Alcian Blue- and Oil red O-positive, and demonstrated immunoreactivity with S, adipophilin and vimentin.
Electron microscopy revealed that the tumor cell cytoplasms were packed with lipid vacuoles and dilated rough endoplasmic reticulum. To our knowledge, this is the first report of myxoid liposarcoma and leiomyoma co-existing in a canine ovary. Primary diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma in a striped skunk Mephitis mephitis.
A year-old female striped skunk Mephitis mephitis was admitted with severe abdominal distension and lethargy. Cytological examination of the peritoneal fluid revealed activated mesothelial cells. At necropsy, numerous growing together, projecting, 2 to 20 mm in diameter tawny to white masses were scattered throughout the peritoneum including the mesentery, omentum and intestinal serosa.
Microscopically, the tumor was composed of prominent papillo-tubular structures, and immunohistochemically, the spindle to polygonal-shaped tumor cells with nuclear polymorphism were strongly reactive for calretinin. Based on those diagnostic features, the neoplasia was diagnosed as malignant mesothelioma. This is the first case report of mesothelioma in the skunk. Dispositions of enrofloxacin and its major metabolite ciprofloxacin in Thai swamp buffaloes. Given the limited information available in this species, the aim of this study was to investigate the pharmacokinetic characteristics of enrofloxacin ER and its major metabolite ciprofloxacin CP in buffaloes, Bubalus bubalis.
ER was administered intravenously i. The concentrations of ER and CP in the plasma, urine and feces were analyzed using high-performance liquid chromatography equipped with a fluorescence detector. The plasma concentrations of ER and CP could be determined up to 24 hr and 32 hr after i. CP concentrations were always lower than those of parental drug.